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What Does it mean to be Baptized into Christ?

Click here to watch baptism service video 


There is more than one type of baptism practiced in the Christian world.  There is:

  • Sprinkling or Pouring on the Head
  • Infant Baptism
  • Submersion under water.

Sprinkling or pouring water on the head

There are no scriptures in the Bible that describe Baptism as the sprinkling or pouring of water on the head.  The first instances in the Bible where individuals were baptized was accomplished by John the Baptist.  Did John the Baptist sprinkle water or submerse the person under water?

John 3:23Now John also was baptizing in Aenon near Salim, because there was much water there. And they came and were baptized.  (NKJ)

John 10:40And He [Jesus] went away again beyond the Jordan to the place where John was baptizing at first… (NKJ)

If all John was doing was sprinkling water to baptize, he did not need to worry about being near the “much water” of the “Jordan River.”   Clearly, John was doing more than just sprinkling those he baptized.

Infant Baptism:

Is infant baptism scriptural?

Nowhere in the Bible do we find infant Baptism mentioned.  Although at times the scriptures do mention the baptism of households, they never specifically mention children or infants.

For example, in Acts 8, Phillip preached to the people of Samaria.

Acts 8:12But when they believed Philip as he preached the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, both men and women were baptized. (NKJ)

Notice, there is no mention of Phillip baptizing infants in Samaria; just men and women.

In Mark 16:16, Jesus said, “He who believes and is baptized will be saved…”  (NKJ)

It would not be possible for a newborn infant to understand who Christ is, let alone believe in him.

Remember the question Jesus asked James and John in…

Mark 10:38, “Are you able to be baptized with the baptism I am baptized with?” NKJ

A newborn infant would not be capable of answering Jesus’ question, let alone responsibly making such a commitment.

Submersion (Dunking) into Water:

Now we do find examples in the New Testament of Adult Baptism and in every case we believe the Baptism was a submersion into water.  For example:

Matt 3:16When He [John] had been baptized, Jesus came up immediately from the water; and behold, the heavens were opened to Him, and He saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and alighting upon Him.  (NKJ)

Acts 8:38So he [Philip] commanded the chariot to stand still. And both Philip and the eunuch went down into the water, and he baptized him.  39) Now when they came up out of the water, the Spirit of the Lord caught Philip away, so that the eunuch saw him no more; and he went on his way rejoicing. (NKJ)

The only way Jesus and the Ethiopian eunuch could have “come up” out of the water is if they have been submersed under it.


In support of this conclusion that Baptism is submersion, let’s looks at some definitions.

STRONGS: 907  baptizo (bap-tid’-zo);

… to immerse, submerge; to make overwhelmed (i.e. fully wet)…


A. Nouns.

1. baptisma (908), “baptism,” consisting of the processes of immersion, submersion and emergence (from bapto, “to dip”)…

B. Verb.

baptizo (907), “to baptize,” primarily a frequentative form of bapto, “to dip,” was used among the Greeks to signify the dyeing of a garment, or the drawing of water by dipping a vessel into another,

So this word has the meaning of complete submersion under water.  Certainly when dying, the garment must be totally submerged in the dye.

There is a variation of this word.

2. baptismos (909), as distinct from baptisma (the ordinance), is used of the “ceremonial washing of articles,” <Mark 7:4,8>, in some texts; <Heb. 9:10>; once in a general sense, <Heb. 6:2>.# See WASHING.

This word is only found four times in the New Testament and refers to ceremonial washings.


Let’s talk about John’s Baptism.  John’s work was NOT for the Gentiles.  His work of baptism was intended to reveal Jesus to the Israelites only, but John did not baptize believers into Christ.  That would come later, after Pentecost.   His work was NOT for the Gentiles

John 1:29-31 29 The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him, and said, “Behold! The Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world!  30 “This is He of whom I said, ‘After me comes a Man who is preferred before me, for He was before me.’  31 “I did not know Him; but that He should be revealed to Israel, therefore I came baptizing with water.” (NKJ)

So John was baptizing in order to reveal Jesus to Israel only, not yet to the Gentiles.

Bearing fruit was an evidence of those who had sincerely baptized.  As John the Baptist said…

Matt 3:8 – “Therefore bear fruits worthy of repentance”  (NKJ)

John’s Baptism required a personal confession of sins.

Mark 1:5And all the land of Judea, and those from Jerusalem, went out to him and were all baptized by him in the Jordan River, confessing their sins.  (NKJ)

Repentance and typical cleansing restored repentant Jews back to the condition of harmony with God as enjoyed under the Law Covenant and through the tabernacle arrangement.  As we are told in …

Mark 1:4John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins.   (NKJ)

The Jews had not previously practiced individual baptism.  Br. Russell teaches…

“The whole nation was recognized as baptized into Moses in the sea and in the cloud. (1Co 10:1,2)”  HG254:3

For the remission of avoidable sins, gross sins. The godly Jews were not intended, nor expected, to come to John to be baptized.” Q34:3

“Not the “Israelites indeed,” but those who conceded that they had been living in open sin.” HG254:5

This typical cleansing available to the Jews is discussed in Leviticus & Hebrews.

Lev 16:30 – “For on that day [of Atonement] the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the LORD.  (NKJ)

Heb 10:11And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.  (NKJ)

So John baptized the Jews for repentance and remission of sins similar to the typical cleansing as was accomplished in the tabernacle by the sacrifice of bulls and goats on the Day of Atonement.

Every Jew under the Law Covenant was a member of the house of Moses (Heb. 3:5).  The Jews were baptized unto Moses in the sea and in the cloud (1 Cor. 10:12)

As natural branches of the olive tree the Jews did not need engrafting into Christ (Rm. 11:16-21).  John could not baptize Gentiles since they could not by repentance be restored back to a position they had never occupied.

After Pentecost, John’s baptism was replaced by Christian baptism into Christ.

In Acts we have an incident where some of John’s disciples, after hearing the gospel, were baptized again, this time into Christ; after which they received the Holy Spirit.

Acts 19:1-61… Paul, having passed through the upper regions, came to Ephesus. And finding some disciples   2 he said to them, “Did you receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?” So they said to him, “We have not so much as heard whether there is a Holy Spirit.”  3 And he said to them, “Into what then were you baptized?” So they said, “Into John’s baptism.”   4 Then Paul said, “John indeed baptized with a baptism of repentance, saying to the people that they should believe on Him who would come after him, that is, on Christ Jesus.”  5 When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.  6 And when Paul had laid hands on them, the Holy Spirit came upon them, and they spoke with tongues and prophesied. (NKJ)

These disciples were baptized twice (John’s & Christ’s). Br. Russell teaches…“The Apostle instructed them more fully, assuring them that John’s baptism was all right in its time and place, but that they should be baptized in the name of Jesus–baptized into Christ.” HG732:6


Christian baptism has many elements that are similar to John’s baptism and some elements that are different.  As with the Jews baptized by John’s baptism, Christians are to confess and repent from their sins.

Acts 19:18And many who had believed came confessing and telling their deeds. (NKJ)

Luke 24:46-4746  Then He said to them, “Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day, 47 “and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. (NKJ)

Remission of sins was another element similar between John’s baptism and Jesus baptism.

Acts 2:38 - Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (NKJ)

Br. Russell teaches…  “This baptism was for Jews only, who had already been baptized into Moses in the sea and the cloud. Sins thus figuratively washed away did not include original sin, but merely minor transgressions against the Mosaic law.” R4308:5 204308  F428 209718  HG600:1,2

John could only provide typical remission.  The Christian receives a real remission of sins through actual justification by Jesus blood.

John’s baptism pointing the Jews to Christ, but the Christian is to actually believe in Christ and accept Him as their Savior.  Let’s see how this is shown in scripture.


Acts 8:36-3736 Now as they went down the road, they came to some water. And the eunuch said, “See, here is water. What hinders me from being baptized?”  37 Then Philip said, “If you believe with all your heart, you may.” And he answered and said, “I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” (NKJ)

Acts 18:8Then Crispus, the ruler of the synagogue, believed on the Lord with all his household. And many of the Corinthians, hearing, believed and were baptized. (NKJ)

So faith in Jesus Christ is a requirement for the Christian baptism.


Although those baptized into John’s baptism were to bear fruit, the Christian’s death to sin, walking in newness of life and drinking of the cup is a far deeper action.  Christian Baptism is more than the pursuit of righteousness, it is the total death of self will and a total commitment to sacrifice ALL of ones time, talent and possessions to the Lord, often at the cost of suffering and persecution.  In this connection, we are told in…

2 Tim 3:12 - Yes, and all who desire to live godly in Christ Jesus will suffer persecution. (NKJ)

Rom 6:3-133 Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death?  4 Therefore we were buried with Him through baptism into death, that just as Christ was raised from the dead by the glory of the Father, even so we also should walk in newness of life.   11 Likewise you also, reckon yourselves to be dead indeed to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus our Lord.  12 Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body, that you should obey it in its lusts.  13 And do not present your members as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourselves to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God. (NKJ)

So we see from Romans 6 and lowering the candidate into the water represents the death of the Old Man with his sinful ways and the raising up of the candidate shows our walk in newness of life as New Creatures in Christ Jesus.  Notice how Roman 6:3 teaches that we are baptized into Christ’s death.  No scripture talks about being baptized into Jehovah’s organization. Also see how the following text show we are actually baptized into Christ.

Gal 3:27For all of you who were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ.  NASV

Acts 2:38 - Peter said to them, “Repent, and each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins; and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. NASV


What is the ultimate purpose of Christian Baptism?  Certainly to lay down our lives in the Lord’s service is purpose enough, but the Bible shows a purpose even beyond that.  Just as going to medical school is of no benefit to humanity unless the student becomes a practicing doctor, so it is with the Christian.


Gal 3:8And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, saying, “In you all the nations shall be blessed.” (NKJ)

Gen 22:18“In your seed all the nations of the earth shall be blessed, because you have obeyed My voice.” (NKJ)

Gal 3:27,29 27 For as many of you as were baptized into Christ have put on Christ…  29 And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, and heirs according to the promise.  (NKJ)


Those who are baptized are Abraham’s seed whose purpose is to bless all the families of the earth.  This is the ultimate purpose of baptism.

The same point is expressed in…

1 Cor 15:29Otherwise, what will they do who are baptized for the dead, if the dead do not rise at all? Why then are they baptized for the dead? (NKJ)

This passage says that we are baptized “for the dead,” not “into death,” but “for the dead.”   Again the ultimate purpose of baptism is to bless all the families of the earth.

Many translations agree with this wording, “baptized for the dead.”  The translators don’t believe this.  They would rather not translate this text.  Peter puts it this way…

1 Pet 1:9receiving the end of your faith– the salvation of your souls.  (NKJ)

The word “your” is in Italics.  The thought is that the outcome of our faith, THE ULTIMATE PURPOSE, will be the salvation of mankind.


The traditional view among Catholic and many Protestant denominations is that baptism is necessary for salvation, forgiveness and the cancellation of sins.  Not only do they believe it necessary, but some feel it must be performed in a prescribed fashion in order to secure salvation.  Some of their supposed proof texts are…

Acts 2:38 – Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit.  (NKJ)

Mark 16:16 – “He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned. (NKJ)

Acts 22:16 - ‘And now why are you waiting? Arise and be baptized, and wash away your sins, calling on the name of the Lord.’ (NKJ)

1 Pet 3:21 – There is also an antitype which now saves us– baptism (NKJ)

These texts are telling us that those who are baptized will be saved and receive a remission or washing away, of sins.  So are the Catholics and many Protestants correct in believing that the act of Baptism is necessary for salvation?

No.  Where these Christians are wrong is that it’s NOT “water baptism” that saves us, it’s the true baptism that saves us, that is, consecration and the resultant justification by Christ’s blood.  Water baptism can’t save.  It is merely a symbol of the true baptism and the resultant justification that can save us.

Rom 5:9Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. (NKJ)

We are saved by Jesus act of justification, not by our symbolic act of water baptism.


Many scriptures establish that water baptism itself is merely a symbol and that it does not have intrinsic atoning qualities.

Luke 12:50“But I have a baptism to be baptized with, and how distressed I am till it is accomplished! (NKJ)

Jesus had already received water baptism by John, so in this case the word “baptism” must be symbolic of more than the literal water baptism.  This is also borne out in…

Mark 10:38-39 -38 Jesus said to them, “You do not know what you ask. Can you drink the cup that I drink, and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?”  39 They said to Him, “We are able.” So Jesus said to them, “You will indeed drink the cup that I drink, and with the baptism I am baptized with you will be baptized.” (NKJ)  (see also Matt 20:22-23)

Jesus had previously baptized the disciples in water. (John 4:1,2)  Clearly Jesus was not referring merely to the symbolic act of water baptism, but to the actual practice of what the symbol means, the laying down of their lives in consecrated sacrifice and the resultant justification to life by faith in Jesus.

More evidence of the symbolic nature of water Baptism is found in…

Col 2:11-1211 In Him you were also circumcised with the circumcision made without hands, by putting off the body of the sins of the flesh, by the circumcision of Christ, 12 buried with Him in baptism, in which you also were raised with Him through faith in the working of God, who raised Him from the dead. (NKJ)

Notice here that both circumcision & water baptism are symbolic of putting away sin.  Obviously “circumcision” here is not literal.  The Christian is not literally required to be circumcised as were the Jews under the Law.  This is the symbolic circumcision of the heart.  So, just circumcision is symbolic, likewise, water baptism here is also symbolic.

Next is another symbolic usage of baptism, although a much different one.

Matt 3:11-1211 “I indeed baptize you with water unto repentance, but He who is coming after me is mightier than I, whose sandals I am not worthy to carry. He will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire. 12 “His winnowing fan is in His hand, and He will thoroughly clean out His threshing floor, and gather His wheat into the barn; but He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.” (NKJ)

The baptism by fire is symbolic of the judgment and destruction upon the nation of Israel as stated in verse 12, “He will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.”

Just as the baptism by fire is symbolic, so is water baptism.

We are not saved by the symbol “water baptism,” but by the reality of it, the meaning of which we will get to shortly.


Many believe John 3:5 teaches that unless you are baptized in water you cannot enter the kingdom of heaven.  It says…

John 3:5Jesus answered, “Most assuredly, I say to you, unless one is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the kingdom of God.  (NKJ)

The word “baptism” is no where to be found in this context.  Water here is symbolic of the word of truth.  Without the Bible we would not have the necessary knowledge to grow in Christ and enter God’s Kingdom.

Our growth in Christ through his word is illustrated by the Greek word genno, that is Strongs#1080. Vines defines it as…


1. gennao ^1080^, “to beget,” in the passive voice, “to be born,” is chiefly used of men “begetting” children, <Matt. 1:2-16>; more rarely of women “begetting” children… (from Vine’s Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words) (Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

So in John 3:5 we are “begotten of water.”  This means that we were spiritually begotten by Truth.   


Br. Russell say…  “We see that symbolical water represents truth, and that our begetting of the holy Spirit is said to be also a begetting “through the Word of truth.”” (Jas 1:18) R4124:6   R3600:6  R2422:1

In support of this we will quote four scriptures which relate begettal to the Word of God.

James 1:18Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.  (KJV)

1 Cor 4:15For though you might have ten thousand instructors in Christ, yet you do not have many fathers; for in Christ Jesus I have begotten you through the gospel. (NKJ)

1 Pet 1:23having been born again, not of corruptible seed but incorruptible, through the word of God which lives and abides forever, (NKJ)

Eph 5:26that He might sanctify and cleanse her with the washing of water by the word,  (NKJ)

So we see that John 3:5 does not teach that unless you are baptized in water you cannot enter the kingdom of heaven.  It actually teaches that we are begotten as New Creatures in Christ by the Truth of God’s word.  It is the guidance from God’s Word that develops the embryo New Creature in Christian growth, preparing us for our ultimate Spiritual birth.



There are many more scriptures that talk about us as being saved, but it’s not by water baptism, it is by belief in Jesus Christ and the resultant grace of God and justification to life.

Acts 2:21 - And it shall come to pass that whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.’ (NKJ)

Rom 10:13For “whoever calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.” (NKJ)

Acts 16:30-31 -30   And he [the jailer] brought them [Paul & Silas] out and said, “Sirs, what must I do to be saved?”  31 So they said, “Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ, and you will be saved, you and your household.” (NKJ)

Rom 10:9that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. (NKJ)

Rom 5:9 - Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. (NKJ)

1 Cor 3:15If anyone’s work is burned, he will suffer loss; but he himself will be saved, yet so as through fire. (NKJ)

1 Cor 15:1-21 Moreover, brethren, I declare to you the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received and in which you stand, 2 by which also you are saved, if you hold fast that word which I preached to you– unless you believed in vain. (NKJ)

Eph 2:5even when we were dead in trespasses, made us alive together with Christ (by grace you have been saved), (NKJ)

Eph 2:8For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, (NKJ)

The Jerusalem Counsel never addressed the issue of Baptism when presenting minimum requirements expected of the Gentile brothers.

Acts 15:28-29 -28  For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things:  29 that you abstain from things offered to idols, from blood, from things strangled, and from sexual immorality. If you keep yourselves from these, you will do well. Farewell. (NKJ)

Where is water baptism on this list?  If it were necessary for salvation, certainly the Apostles would have required it of the Gentile brethren.

Acts 15:1And certain men came down from Judea and taught the brethren, “Unless you are circumcised according to the custom of Moses, you cannot be saved.” (NKJ)

Some Christians today take the same approach with baptism as these Jews took of circumcision, that it is a requirement for salvation.


In 1 Peter we find scriptures used by many Christians to again attempt to prove that water Baptism is necessary for salvation.

1 Pet 3:19-2219 by whom also He [Jesus] went and preached to the spirits in prison, 20 who formerly were disobedient, when once the Divine longsuffering waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was being prepared, in which a few, that is, eight souls, were saved through water. 21 There is also an antitype which now saves us– baptism (not the removal of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God), through the resurrection of Jesus Christ (NKJ)

Does this passage prove we are saved by literal water baptism?  The simple answer here is that Peter is not talking about literal water baptism.  In verse 21, He describes “baptism” as “a good conscience toward God.”  That word “conscience” is also used in the prior chapter.

1 Peter 2:19 – For this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. KJV

So the word “conscience” connected with the word “baptism” refers to suffering for righteousness sake.  Hence, the word Baptism is talking about living our consecration.  Our consecration results in justification by the ransom to life.  That is what saves us.

It’s also interesting to note from verse 21 that we are not saved by the “removal of the filth of the flesh,” that is, we are not saved simply by John’s baptism, the repentance from sin.  But we must go beyond that to consecration into Christ’s death.


In whose name is the Christian baptized?  Many quote the great commission of Matt 28:19 to prove we are baptized into the Trinity, not into Jesus Christ alone.

Matt 28:19 – “Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,  (NKJ)

If we accept the translation as is, it does not prove that we are baptized into the Trinity, but merely the desperation of those who strive in vain to find support for this doctrine in scripture.  This passage does not state that these three are one person, nor anything of the kind.

In conflict with this, six other scriptures refer baptism in the name of Jesus, not baptism in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit of Matt 28:19.

Let’s look at these scripture that contradict Matt 28:29.  Notice that in none of these texts was anyone baptized in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

Acts 2:38Then Peter said to them, “Repent, and let every one of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins; and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. (NKJ)

Acts 8:12But when they believed Philip as he preached the things concerning the kingdom of God and the name of Jesus Christ, both men and women were baptized.  (NKJ)

Acts 8:16 - For as yet He had fallen upon none of them. They had only been baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.  (NKJ)

Acts 10:48And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. Then they asked him to stay a few days.  (NKJ)

Acts 19:5When they heard this, they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. (NKJ)

Rom 6:3Or do you not know that as many of us as were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into His death? (NKJ)

Some scholars of the 19th and 20th centuries believe that Matt 28:19 was altered.

An article from Beauties of the Truth (Volume 2, Number 1, January 1991) stated the following…  “Eusebius, a fourth century writer, had the greatest library of any early church scribe. It contained manuscripts of the new testament that were at least 200 years older than any existing today. Manuscripts copied by Origen, Clement of Alexandria, and others not available today gave him access to almost original material.  Eusebius cites Matthew 28:19 eighteen times in his work, always in the same form: “Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name, teaching them to observe all things, whatsoever I commanded you”

When he comments on the verse, Eusebius places great stress on the phrase, “in my name.”  Apparently his sources, Origen, Clement and Justin Martyr, excluded “father” and “holy spirit” from this scripture…

Aphraates, a Syriac writer of the middle-fourth century, cites the text in yet a different manner, “Make disciples of all nations, and they shall believe in me.” …  Ironically, Pope Stephen used only one name, Jesus…”

Pope Stephen I served as Bishop of Rome from254 to 257 AD.

Personally we are doubtful of the authenticity of the phrase in Matt 28:19, “in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,” and think Eusebius was likely correct in quoting the text as saying, “make disciples of all nations in my name.”


In conclusion brethren:

Submersion is the correct form of baptism, not sprinkling or pouring water on the head.

  • Infant baptism is not taught in the Bible
  • The Greek word for baptism has the thought of complete submersion under water
  • John’s Baptism was unto repentance and typical remission of sins.
  • Baptism into Christ is for consecration unto death and remission of sins through justification to life.
  • The ultimate purpose of Baptism is for the Christian to participate in the healing and blessing all the families of the earth.
  • Water Baptism is an important symbol, but does not cancel sins.
  • We are saved by belief in Christ, the grace of God and Justification to Life, not the symbol of water baptism.
  • We are Baptized into Christ, not the Trinity

We have a great hope in that ultimate purpose of our baptism, to bless all the families of the earth.  So brethren, let us pursue our consecration with determination and zeal, so that we may please our Father and be prepared for our future mission.

Celebrating the Memorial – Listen to the Conference Call Here


Read the handout “Pictures of Jesus’ Sacrifice”  by clicking here:


Celebrating the Memorial Bible Student Elder, David Stein previously led a round table discussion on this topic.  Joining him will be Bible Student Elders Ric Cunningham and Len Griehs.

  • How did the Early Church celebrate the Memorial?
  • How did the Early Watchtower Bible Students celebrate the Memorial under the teachings of Brother Charles Taze Russell?
  • How do Jehovah’s Witnesses celebrate it today and is that different?

This is intended as a friendly educational and historical review.  After the discussion, participants will be welcome to share questions and comments.

Additionally, here are some questions that will be discussed:

1.  What is the Memorial all about?

2.  How is it related to Passover?

3.  What did Jesus instruct his followers to do?

4.  What is the meaning of the emblems (bread and cup)?

5.  Who should partake and why?




Conference Call Phone #: 267-507-0240
After connecting dial: 991337
Date: March 9, 2013
Time: 7:00 pm Eastern, 6:00 pm Central and 4:00 pm West Coast

How to participate:
4 * – Self-Mute Line (toggle)
5 * – Raise Hand for Q&A

April 23 – Join our Memorial Study this Wednesday Evening

Call Phone #  (267) 507-0240     After connecting dial pin#:  991337

The study begins promptly at 7:00 pm Central time (8:00 pm Eastern & 5:00 pm West Coast). It is best to call in 5 or 10 minutes early to avoid technical delays.   If you have any questions, you can contact me at BibleStudents1@GMail.com.  Find more information about our studies by clicking here:

To prepare for the study, click below and read the following article.

How the Jewish Passover was a picture of Christ our Passover Lamb.

Note:  Click on scripture reference and you will be taken to the Bible verse.




Conference Call Phone #: (267) 507-0240 .
After connecting dial: 991337

How to participate:
4 * – Self-Mute Line (toggle)
5 * – Raise Hand for Q&A



How Does the Holy Spirit Work?

For the Christian, the Holy Spirit is a sacred part of our faith. It was promised to us in the absence of Jesus as a comforter, a guide, a teacher and even an intercessor. It is a true evidence of one who has been called, chosen and working towards being faithful. So, how does the Read more…

100 Years Ago… The Photo Drama of Creation


A world war unprecedented in history broke out. Another unprecedented event occurred. The film, THE PHOTO DRAMA OF CREATION premiered; making 1914 a year that will never be forgotten!

As the twentieth century dawned many new social and religious changes were being proclaimed. Modernism and humanism were gaining control of theological thinking. The Read more…

War in Heaven – Michael The Archangel verses the Dragon

“And there was war in heaven: Michael and his angels fought against the dragon; and the dragon fought and his angels” (Revelation 12:7).

Those who have studied the Book of Revelation will recognize this familiar phrase, “War in Heaven,” from the 12th chapter. It is a fascinating Read more…

Order Free Book – Charles Taze Russell is not the Founder of the Jehovah’s Witnesses

Quoting form author Kenneth Rawson, in his book, Pastor Russell the Founder of the Bible Students, not the Jehovah’s Witnesses (2nd Edition), we read the following:

With all the Internet exchange of information, Jehovah’s Witnesses are beginning to realize that the image of Judge Rutherford is a liability and they are out to minimize Read more…

JW Aunt Accuses Nephew of Apostasy for Asking Questions

Here is the true story of a JW aunt that disowned her niece and nephew over a charge of Apostasy. The names have been changed to protect the privacy of the hurt and injured. We have permission to publish the email correspondence. This exchange of emails occurred in September of 2013.

First is the Read more…

April 23 Wed Study – Join Us – THE TIME IS AT HAND – Volume 2 of Studies in the Scriptures

Call Phone # (267) 507-0240 After connecting dial pin#: 991337

Prepare for the lesson by reading or hearing by clicking here .

The study begins promptly at 7:00 pm Central time (8:00 pm Eastern & 5:00 pm West Coast). It is best to call in 5 or 10 minutes early to Read more…

Why The Trinity Doctrine Disrespects God

The human psyche, unfortunately, lends itself to all sorts of unreasoned loyalties. Loyalty to groups and loyalty to ideas are two examples. Consider the extreme emotional bonds people can have for their football team, basketball team, etc. Would any of them ever ask what the point of it was?

Read more…

Should the Governing Body be Questioned and Put to the Test?

Keefa contributed and interesting comment that we present below slightly modifed. We do not mean to cause offense to those highly respect and regard the Jehovah’s Witness Governing Body. However, what we do want to do is raise the question, how can any religious group know Read more…

The Battle of Armageddon

For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. . . . And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.—Revelation 16:14-16

Read more…

How Do We Manage Guilt?

Proverbs 24:16: (NASB) For a righteous man falls seven times, and rises again, but the wicked stumble in time of calamity.

We have all made mistakes in our lives and we have all had the experience of carrying those mistakes with us often unnecessarily in the form of guilt. Left unattended, guilt like this can Read more…

How Jesus Comforts

“I will not leave you comfortless [or orphans]: I will come to you.” – John 14:18.

IN THESE words of the Savior we have an “I will not” and an “I will” in close and significant conjunction. One seems to show us the negative, and the other the positive side of Christ’s love. The Read more…

What Should We Pray For?

“Ask, and it will be given to you; seek, and you will find; knock, and it will be opened to you” (Matthew 7:7 NASB).

In prayer, we can praise, thank, and make requests of God. Is it proper to ask God to improve our health or to provide us a car so Read more…

Are Prophetic Date Predicters False Prophets?

Fundamentalist Christians take a hard line on setting dates for the second advent of Christ. Failed date-setters are labeled as “false prophets.” What are the Read more…

Archaeology Proves Our Bible is True

In our era of scientific and technological advancement, many question how our Bible written 2000-4000 years ago could possibly be true. However, Biblical Archaeology confirms that the Bible is true. How? The people, locations and events of history in the Bible have, metaphorically speaking, left footprints in the sands of history. Archaeology is the process Read more…

Revelation : Breaking the Symbolic Code

“The Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave unto him, to show unto his servants things which must shortly come to pass; and he sent and signified it by his angel unto his servant John.” —Revelation 1:1

The Book of Revelation is a prophetic picture of the experiences and purpose of the Christian Age. Read more…

All the Nations Shall Be Blessed (Even natural Israel?)

All the Nations Shall Be Blessed

Indeed I will greatly … multiply your seed as the stars of the heavens and as the sand which is on the seashore.—Genesis 22:17, NASB

The Abrahamic promise is one of the most comprehensive covenants in the Bible: “By myself I have sworn, declares the Read more…


The July 15 2013 “Study Edition” reveals “new light” unveiled at the October 5th 2012 Annual Meeting, at which it was announced that the Governing Body is now considered the “faithful and discreet slave” – the spiritual overlords of the nearly 8 million Jehovah’s Witnesses worldwide.

You can find the July15, 2013 Watchtower Study Read more…

June 29 – JW Elder’s Policies for Discipline & Disfellowship Compared to the Bible – Conference Call


On Saturday evening, June 29, Bible Student Elder, David Stein will lead a round table discussion on this topic. Joining him will be other Bible Student Elders Ric Read more…


Didn’t Jehovah/Yahweh appear to Moses in the burning bush? What kind of crazy talk is this to ask if maybe Jesus appeared to Moses in the burning bush? Fasten your seat belts guys! Brace yourself for turbulence and excitement! This is an amazing study!

Hebrews 1: (NKJV) 10 And: “You, LORD, in the beginning laid Read more…


Michael the Archangel and Satan disputed about the body of Moses. Perhaps Satan was interested in preserving Moses body by like the Egyptian mummies of the Pharaoh’s. Satan could have used Moses body as an object of worship and a stumbling block for natural Israel to bring God’s wrath against them. With such a danger, Read more…

When will Babylon the Great Collapse?

Listen to “When will Babylon Collapse?” by clicking below:

When Will Babylon Collapse

Rev 16(NKJV)

12  Then the sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up, so that the way of Read more…

Deaing with Worry and Anxiety

Matthew 6:27: (NASB) And who of you by being worried can add a single hour to his life?

We all worry and we all get anxious at times. Well, if we are really people of faith, then shouldn’t that faith override our worry? The answer is that in an ideal situation, yes, faith Read more…

When Family members leave the JW Organization-Should they be Shunned?

“Although the Bible makes a clear distinction between true and false teachings, God allows each person the freedom to choose how he or she will respond. (Deuteronomy 30:19, 20) No one should be forced to worship in a way that he finds unacceptable or be made to choose between his beliefs and his family. Does Read more…

JW’s Honest Questions Lead to Isolation and Disfellowship, Then Finally to Answers, Joy and Fellowship


Here is the publication of the story of Kent from Sweden by his own hand.

Searching for the true God and the meaning of life.

I grew up in the 70s. My childhood was filled with mixed emotions Read more…


Listen to Recordings of the 2013 General Convention Here:

Find more General Conventions here. Scroll to bottom:



Do you and I have a covenant relationship with Jehovah?

Does Jesus make a New Covenant with His followers?

What other covenants did Jehovah make with people?

How do they all interrelate?

The answers to these questions may surprise you. The early Watchtower had this all figured out in the days Read more…

Who is Michael the Archangel?

Is Michael the Archangel Jesus or is Michael just a mighty angel? Does the Bible answer this question?

We believe that a careful examination of scriptures will provide compelling evidence that Michael the Archangel is Jesus. Yet since Hebrews 1:4-14 shows that Jesus is greater than the Read more…

How J. F. Rutherford Consolidated Dictitorial Power

Click here for this amazing historical book from 1930 – Desolations of the Sanctuary 1929

This book chronicles the doctrinal and prophetic changes Rutherford made and explains how these changes were all for the purpose of transferring influence from Russell to Rutherford and for consolidating dictatorial power around the new movement, later Read more…

Can you help us to find a copy of the Will of Charles Taze Russell?

In 1907, Pastor Russell had executed his Last Will and Testament, which was amended slightly the following year, again in 1910 and once more in 1911. Copies of these Will’s have ever been made available to the public or the brethren. Yes, the 1907 Will was published in a 1916 Watchtower, however, we don’t have Read more…

Everything about Prayer

Click here to read the Herald Magazine issue, dedicated to the topic, PRAYER.

Prayer has been defined as the soul’s sincerest desire, either uttered or unexpressed. It is one of the most important blessings and privileges enjoyed by the Christian. It is one of the most powerful tools available to the follower Read more…


Shame is such a weird emotion. If I’m alone and make a mistake, I might feel aggravated with myself. If the mistake is a sin, I will feel guilty. But if I make the same mistake when I am with others, I will feel embarrassment and shame. The feeling of shame results as a response Read more…

Mobile Apps – Text & Audio – Bible, Talks, Studies in the Scriptues and more

Many mobile apps are available in different formats. Find them in the Right Panel of this website under the heading “Mobile Aps.”

For example, click here for a Mobile App called “Christian Resources.“

May 18 – “After Armaggedon” – Who will Survive? Who will be Destroyed?


On Saturday evening, May 18, Bible Student Elder, David Stein will lead a round table discussion on this topic. Joining him will be other Bible Students Jim Parkinson, Ric Cunningham and Jeff Mezera.

Read ” AFTER ARMAGEDDON ” to discover a brighter result of this Read more…


Bible Student Elder, Ric Cunningham talks about Angels and Demons in the World today. What are the Demons doing today? Who are they, fallen angels or the ghosts of dead people? Where do Demons come from? Do the demons have anything to do with influences in our culture, like UFOs, Wicca (white witches), music, movies, Read more…

What Happens on Judgment Day?

Judgment Day! The very sound of the phrase previews an ominous picture in the minds of most. Judgment day: a day of great regret, great wrath, great sorrow and great reward, both for the righteous and the unrighteous. All will receive what is coming to them on Judgment Day – the question is – Read more…

April 20 – Early Watchtower History – Russell, Rutherford, Bible Students – Old Light vs. New Light


On Saturday evening, April 20, Bible Student Elder, David Stein will lead a round table discussion on this topic. Joining him will be the three Early Watchtower Historians below:

Jim Parkinson: Bible Scholar, Translator and early Watchtower Historian

Eric Patterson: Since first going online in 1996, Eric Read more…


Mark Twain once said, “The report of my death was an exaggeration.” The same can be said of the association of International Bible Students. It has often been reported that we died off back in the days of J.F. Rutherford. Actually, we have existed continuously since the days of Brother Charles Taze Russell to the Read more…

Audio – Early Watchtower Brothers Speak. These Elders Knew Charles Taze Russell

Talks of Elders who were friends of and knew Charles Taze Russell are available to listen to. CLICK HERE TO SELECT. We want to encourage the friends, by sharing these discourses from faithful brethren of the past who were filled with the Lord’s spirit.

A number of the older recordings have some technical issues which Read more…

Topical Scripture Study Aid

Click here for this topical Bible Study Aid

Also click here for another aid.

Thy Word is Truth A Reference for Bible Students A classified collection of Scriptures and references on various subjects and helpful charts for handy reference.

Read more…

Jesus is Risen! (listen now)

Listen to JESUS IS RISEN by clicking here:

There have been many world changing events in human history. The printing press made knowledge accessible to the masses. The light bulb literally illuminated man’s course and fed an industrial revolution which brought previously unthinkable invention and convenience to many. Penicillin protected life in a new way. Read more…

Listen to: What is so Special about Palm Sunday?

Matthew 21:5: (NASB) “Say to the daughter of Zion, Behold your King is coming to you, gentle, and mounted on a donkey, even on a colt, the foal of a beast of burden.“ The events of the Sunday before Jesus’ crucifixion were monumental. They not only began the culminating process for the greatest human Read more…

Do it yourself Memorial Script – How to celebrate with a group or by yourself

Find more about the Memorial by clicking here:

Here is a script of a Memorial service that you can use for your Congregation orlittle group or even just yourself.

First ask everyone to “Please make sure that all cell phones are silent or turned off.”

Here is the text of the service and the Read more…

Jesus Last Days and His Foremost Concerns

“Then Jesus six days before the Passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead. There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him. Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, Read more…

Does the Greek Word “Theos” and the Hebrew Word “Elohim” Prove the Trinity? Is Jesus the Great “I AM?”

There is no scripture in the Bible that says that God is composed of three persons. We know that Jehovah/Yahweh is the one true God and this was clearly taught in the Old Testament to distinguish the True God from false gods. This does not mean that Yahweh is the only “elohim” or “theos” (Hebrew Read more…

How Do We Manage Guilt?

We have all made mistakes in our lives and we have all had the experience of carrying those mistakes with us often unnecessarily in the form of guilt. Left unattended, guilt like this can turn to shame which can bring darkness. How does a Christian overcome deep and debilitating guilt and shame over past mistakes? Read more…

Crossing the Bridge From Daniel’s Time to the Time of the End (Daniel 11 verse by verse)

Read an explanation of Daniel 11 (World History) by clicking here:Daniel_11_JUNE_2005

The prophecy of Daniel 11 is a bridge between ancient Israel and End Times. End time prophecy has three principal sources: the Book of Daniel, our Lord Jesus’ Great Prophecy in Matthew 24 and the Book of Revelation. There are also many Read more…

Why I am a Bible Student

Click here to check out this link for a very interesting article written by Daniel Torluemke, a Bible Student, in response to Robert C. Hill, ThB’S article “Why I Am Not A Bible Student”

Bible Students are not a sectarian organization. We are organized like the Early Church and the Bible Students at the Read more…

The Future Battle for Jerusalem

Fear thou not, O Jacob my servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished.–Jeremiah 46:28

Read more…

The Great Crowd – Who Are They?

Bible Student Elder, David Stein, discusses the doctrine of the Great Crowd (Great Company). Who are they? What does the Bible say about the Great Crowd? Where are they mentioned in the Bible besides Revelation 7. What do the other scriptures in the Bible have to say about this group and how does this help Read more…

Did Jesus Die on A Cross or A Stake?

Though the Bible does not specifically describe the instrument that Jesus died upon, tradition has it that he was put to death on a cross consisting of a stake and a crossbeam. The Greek stauros is sometimes used to describe a simple stake, and other times a more complex form such as the cross. To Read more…

Does God Forgive Suicide?

Listen to “Does God Forgive Suicide?” by clicking here:

Psalms 38:4: (NASB) For my iniquities are gone over my head; As a heavy burden they weigh too much for me. Life is difficult – it is full of trials, tragedies and trauma. Sometimes it overflows with grief and pain. For most of us, there is Read more…

Is the Great Pyramid the Bible in Stone or part of Satanic Worship?


On Saturday evening, February 9, former JW and Bethelite, and now a Bible Student Elder, David Stein will lead a round table discussion on this topic. Joining him will be Bible Student Elders Russ Shallieu and Todd Alexander. Todd was part of a research group that spent Read more…

What Rights and Privacy should Children Have?

Proverbs 13:24: (NASB) He who withholds his rod hates his son, but he who loves him disciplines him diligently.


Children are people too! Yes they are, but what does that really mean in terms of raising them? After all, they are children, and the object is for them to become adults – real, Read more…

Depressed but Not Forsaken

You’re exhausted. The day has just started, and already you’re tired. Everything feels like a burden. Nothing really interests you or makes you happy. Sometimes you eat too much, sometimes too little. Prayer is hard. You really can’t focus on studying. Talking to the brethren is tough because you have nothing much to say. Nobody Read more…

Without fanfare, Jehovah’s Witnesses quietly soften position on blood transfusions

Tom Blackwell, National Post Staff | Dec 20, 2012 9:59 PM ET

For years, the Jehovah’s Witnesses’ fiercely held belief that blood transfusions are contrary to God’s will led to emotional and very public disputes, hospitals clashing with parents over whether to infuse sick children.

That long history of messy legal confrontations appears to be Read more…

Bethel Sister Reveals Truth about Russell, Rutherford and Bible Students

Listen to a recording of Sister Cora Sumdbom telling her story of experiences at the Bethel in the days of Pastor Charles T Russell and the early days of the Watchtower Society. She talks about the brethren’s meals, discussions, studies, work and interactions with each other and with a kind, gentle, funny, engaging, warm and Read more…

Unto Us a Child Is Born – The Story of Jesus’ Birth

For unto us a child is born; unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder.—Isaiah 9:6

One day, in the tiny village of Bethlehem, not far from the old site of the Garden of Eden, a descendant of mother Eve, a young woman named Mary, bears her firstborn son. Read more…

Sunday December 23 – Live Talk about “Jesus’ Birth and Why He Died”


On Sunday morning, December 23, the Chicago Bible Students would like to invite you to a live Internet PowerPoint Talk entitled “The Story and Purpose of Jesus Birth.” This heartwarming story has touched all of our hearts like no other story. On different occasions, angels had Read more…

Sandy Hook Elementary School Massacre – Why does God Permit Human Suffering?

Thus says the LORD: “A voice is heard in Ramah, lamentation and bitter weeping. Rachel is weeping for her children; she refuses to be comforted for her children, because they are no more.” Jeremiah 31:15

The grief of parents in the Newtown area is beyond words. There is no real comfort at the moment, just Read more…

If Mary and Joseph used Facebook

Click this link and enjoy


Find more information about Christmas here:

January 30 Wednesday night Study – THE DAY OF JEHOVAH

Call Phone # 213-226-0400. After connecting dial pin#: 991337

Prepare for the lesson by reading chapter 14 by clicking here or by hearing the audio chapter 14 by clicking here:

The study begins promptly at 7:00 pm Central time (8:00 pm Eastern & 5:00 pm West Coast). It is best to call in 5 Read more…

Is Israel Fulfilling Bible Prophecy Today???

Consider this question: If Jehovah has rejected the Jews (natural Israel) and has cast them out of their land forever, how then, in these end times, have they defied Jehovah and returned to their land establishing a nation, against His will? Is that a reasonable conclusion? No. Had Jehovah been against the Jews, Read more…

Did the Apostle Paul believe that the Jews (natural Israel) were Rejected by Jehovah Forever?

Romans 11:1 (New World Translation)

“I ask, then, God did not reject his people, did he? Never may that happen!”

Let us see how Paul continues to answer this questions in Romans 11.

* In Rom 11:7, 8 shows that the nation of Israel did not obtain what it sought. Paul goes on in Read more…

Liberty & Justice for All

“… the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings… to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound…” — Isaiah 61:1

No matter what noble struggles the nations have made toward freedom, as long as there is sin and death, we have no real and lasting Read more…

Watch Video – Israel’s Tabernacle, Its Symbols and Meaning – also Read Book and Listen to Conference Call

Now available, the video, by clicking here:

Read all about Israel’s tabernacle by clicking on the electronic book here: Tabernacle Book_7-19-12

This book is a guide to understanding the message behind the mystery.

Read more in Brother Russell’s book Tabernacle Shadows by clicking here:





Day of the Lord Comes as a Thief

“. . . the day of the Lord so cometh as a thief in the night . . . But ye, brethren, are not in darkness, that that day should overtake you as a thief.” 1 Thess. 5:2-4.

To many Christians, the second coming of Christ is an earth shattering event. If so, how do Read more…

Many Chinese People are now Learning the Divine Plan of the Ages

Due to several amazing overruling providences, Brothers Todd Alexander and Benjamin Stein were able to distribute 1,512 Chinese Illustrated First Volumes (Divine Plan of the Ages) in Taipei Taiwan during a ten-day period that ended Sunday October 28th. The Volumes are very attractive and the illustrations ensured an unusually high acceptance rate among Chinese Christians Read more…

Was Charles Taze Russell associated with the Occult and Pyramidology?












An Occultic Pyramidologist?

This is an accusation that is not infrequently heard: Pastor Russell, by incorporating the measurements and lay out of the Great Pyramid in his teachings, was thereby guilty of occultic practices. Randall Watters asserts:

“Among the most obvious of Read more…

Richard Rawe, Our Dear Brother and Friend, Passed Away

Death of Richard Raw from Barbara Anderson post:

Richard and his wife Frances were very dear friends. Richard had a significant stroke last week and died in his sleep at home last Friday night. He will be sorely missed by his family and hundreds of friends. We know we’ll miss his phone calls. He had Read more…


Find more discussion about the Governing Body by clicking here:

Recently, the Governing Body has modified the definition of the Faithful and Discreet Slave to exclusively apply to themselves and to not include the thousands of other anointed.

In the past, Jehovah’s Witnesses have believed that The Faithful and Discreet Slave is the collective Read more…

Was Charles Taze Russell a Mason / Freemason?

Bedfellows with Freemasons?

The charge has been advanced that Pastor Russell and the Bible Students are connected With the Free masons and that both groups are to be condemned because they are occult in nature. The occult reference is used to describe both the secrecy aspect of their respective beliefs as well as the Read more…

Will Israel Survive the End Times?

Table of Contents Will Israel Survive the End Times? Replacement Theology vs. God’s Promises Will Only 1/3 of Living Jews be Saved? Anti-Semitism–and the New Anti-Semitism Is there any Hope for Israel? Living in Messianic Times Promise to Abraham to Bless All A Chosen People–with Responsibility A New Covenant with Judah and Israel Read more…

Listen to – Dealing with Doubts and Uncertainties when Leaving the Watchtower


Join us Friday evening, September 28th for a conference call on the topic: Dealing with Doubts and Uncertainties When Leaving the Watchtower

Read more…

Apostasy Trial Video – JW “Eric” from “JW Struggle” website disfellowshipped right before your very eyes

Brother Eric – Our prayers are with you as you are going through this very terrible trial. We pray for you and your family and want to encourage you in every emotional and spiritual way possible. We trust the Apostle Paul’s words, that “all things work together for good for those who love God and Read more…

Order a Premium Set of Deluxe Studies in the Scriptures

A special opportunity has opened up to the general public to purchase deluxe sets of Charles Taze Russell’s “Studies in the Scriptures.” This is a reprint of the original unaltered Watchtower publication. This is the premium edition, constructed of the highest quality materials. They are durable heavy duty sets with wide margins and sewn binding. Read more…

Expanded Biblical Comments – C. T. Russell’s Verse by Verse Commentary on the Bible

Click here to open the book: EXPANDED COMMENTS 1879-1916 New Cover This book is a compilation and summary of C.T. Russell’s comments on the whole Bible, verse by verse. You can purchase a hard copy by clicking here:

In his ministry of some 37 years, from 1879 to 1916, the written material produced by Read more…

Pastor Russell: Messenger of Millennial Hope (FREE download)

This 400+ page book, written by a Bible Student author and a consummate researcher, C. Redeker, offers a thorough history of Pastor Charles Taze Russell and the Bible Student movement he founded. His doctrinal and prophetic views are presented. Contemporary Bible Student ministries are examined and their distinctions from the Jehovah Witnesses are explored through Read more…

JW Elders Book – “Shepherd the Flock of God” explains Judicial Committee and Disfellowship Procedures

In 2010, a new Elder’s book – “Shepherd the Flock of God” – was released. You can find a copy by clicking here. A large portion of the book is devoted to the procedure for judicial committees and disfellowshipping. This book is for elders only, as made clear in Letter to Elders, August 23, 2010, Read more…

Watch the video – A God Who Hides Himself (Why does Jehovah allow suffering?)

You can watch and listen to the video by clicking here: Video recording of “A God Who Hides Himself.” The Chicago Bible Students would like to invite you to a PowerPoint talk titled “A God Who Hides Himself.” In this presentation various questions that have perplexed mankind for generations will be considered. Why does Read more…

Is the Great Crowd on Earth or in Heaven? (Rev 7:15)

The Greek word rendered “temple” (naos) in the phrase “worship him day and night in his temple” in Rev. 7:15 primarily refers to the Holy of Holies and not to the entire temple complex as the JW’s have mistakenly tried to prove. (See Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon at bottom of this article) Even the New World Read more…

75% of the Original Bible Students left the Watchtower by 1931

During the struggle between Judge Rutherford and the Bible Students, William Schnell was in the upper echelon of the Watch Tower and made very insightful observations. At the time he finally wrote his book, THIRTY YEARS A WATCHTOWER SLAVE, he was neither a Jehovah’s Witness nor a Bible Student. Schnell noted that further doctrinal changes Read more…

J. F. Rutherford Believed that the Idea of Christian Character Development was a Delusion from Satan

A coluporter in the days of Bro. Russell, Bible Student Elder, G. Russell Pollock told of how JFR ridiculed character development from the platform, pronouncing it ‘char-AK’-teer’ and saying, “You don’t have a character, you are a character.” The stress Bible Students were putting on character development, JFR evidently felt a need to counter it. Read more…

Our Lord’s Great Prophecy about Jesus’ Second Presence and the End of the Age


Destruction of the temple

Matt 24:1 Then Jesus went out and departed from the temple, and His disciples came up to show Him the buildings of the temple. 2 And Jesus said to them, “Do you not see all these things? Assuredly, I say to you, not one stone shall be left here upon Read more…

Facebook – Meet Bible Students, Former JWs and maybe even Freedom Seeking JWs

Meet and get to know other Former Bible Students, JWs and others who are seeking an outlet for freedom of expression

Facebook – Friends of Jehovah’s Witnesses

Facebook – Christian Questions Radio

Facebook – Chicago Bible Students

Facebook – Charles Taze Russell for Truth – administered by Ronald Day

Read more…

JW was Disfellowshipped for Going Back to Early Watchtower Roots

In 1984, Harrison Reed wrote a letter to the Dawn Bible Students explaining how he was disfellowshipped for going back to our Early Watchtower roots. Read this amazing letter and follow Brother Reed on his journey beginning as a faithful follower of the Jehovah’s Witnesses. Brother Harrison’s conscience is awakened as he considers how the Read more…

Watch the Faith’s Foundations Video Series – by Bible Student Productions

Click here to watch the videos:

Watch these amazing videos that present the Truths of the Bible in a very simple and easy to understand way:

* What is Truth?

* The Soul that Sinneth (an examination of the Immortality of the Soul doctrine)

* The Power of Hell (does the Bible teach a Read more…

Listen to “Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted.” – Ideas on dealing with grief and comforting the berieved.


On Saturday evening, August 11, Bible Student elder Brad Bach will lead a round table discussion on this topic. Joining him will be Bible Student Elders Tom Ruggirello and Peter Karavas (the Friends of Jehovah’s Witnesses website administrator). You can call into this conference call Read more…


Enticing stories of powerful god-men performing superhuman feats are not new. This has been the stuff of myths and legends from ancient civilizations and has been at the very root of idol worship, false gods and false religion. Understandably, today, entertainment seekers are equally fascinated with the subject of god-like super- heroes. Movies, television programs Read more…


CLICK HERE TO WATCH THE GENERAL CONVENTION VIDEOS: Would you like to experience a convention where hundreds of Bible Students from all around the USA and even the world met together? These Bible Students believe what was taught by the early Watchtower in 1916 and prior, in the days of Pastor Russell. Envision the feeling Read more…

Bible Study tools available for Mobile Devises – Includes writings of Charles Russell

The Harvest Truth DataBase (HTDB) for Mobile Devices is for those who may wish to selectively download individual files the following website is available:

http://www.HTDB.mobi Volumes, Tabernacle, Manna, Original Towers (Reprints), Expanded Biblical Comments, and KJV Bible. A number of titles are hyperlinked to the KJV Bible. Files are offered in Kindle (MOBI) format, Nook Read more…

What is the One True Church?

“Neither pray I for these alone, but for them also which shall believe on me through their word; that they all may be one; as thou, Father, art in me, and I in thee, that they also may be one in us…” — John 17:20, 21

It is often asked, “What is the right denomination?” Read more…

June 16 Saturday evening – Who are the Real Witnesses of Jehovah?


Isaiah 43:10 – YOU are my witnesses,” is the utterance of Jehovah, “even my servant whom I have chosen, in order that YOU may know and have faith in me, and that YOU may understand that I am the same One. Before me Read more…

District Overseer Presents Horrifying View of the Terror of Armageddon

Listen to Ciro Aulicino, a JW District Overseer and member of the “Bethel family,” circa 2007, speaks on Armageddon.

He explains his own horrifying view of how Armageddon by saying, ”Very soon, the greatest tribulation since the world’s beginning will come upon all those dwelling upon the face of the earth. This is going Read more…

Worry and Anxiety – Can you be free of it?

Phil 4:6,7 “Be not anxious about anything, but in everything, let your petitions be made known to God by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving, and that peace of God which surpasses all conception shall guard your hearts hand your minds by Christ Jesus.” Diaglott

Be not anxious about anything… that is not to be Read more…

Armageddon! When and Where?

Revelation 16:16 “And he gathered them together into a place called in the Hebrew tongue Armageddon.”

Armageddon! The very word sends shivers down the spine of millions. Armageddon! Of all the Biblical prophecies, this one is probably more recognized than ANY OTHER – even by those who are not believers in the Bible. Armageddon! It Read more…

Ex-JWs Challenge Bible Students: Prove Jesus Returned in 1874!

This was in interview that took place on site at last years Bible Student General Convention in Johnstown Pennsylvania. A round table of Bible Students sat around a table together. These were Rick Suraci, Peter Karavas, Jeff Mezera and Jim Parkinson. Also at our side was Jaqueline. Rick Suraci is a famous talk radio personality Read more…