Is Michael the Archangel Jesus or is Michael just a mighty angel? Does the Bible answer this question?
We believe that a careful examination of scriptures will provide compelling evidence that Michael the Archangel is Jesus. Yet since Hebrews 1:4-14 shows that Jesus is greater than the angels, how can Jesus possibly be an angel?
The honest and sincere student of scripture will want to carefully examine the evidence.
WHAT DOES THE NAME “MICHAEL” MEAN?
The word “Michael” in Daniel 12:1 comes from Strong’s 4317 meaning, “who is like God.” Brown Driver & Briggs Hebrew Lexicon also agrees with this definition.
Who else is like God but Jesus Himself?
CAN JESUS BE CALLED AN ANGEL?
The word “angel” itself, Strong’s #32 is defined as, “a messenger; especially an “angel”; by implication, a pastor.”
On occasion, the Greek and Hebrew words for angel simply have the meaning of messenger and do not refer to angels. Here are examples where the Greek and Hebrew do not refer to angels:
Matt 11:10 (NKJV ) “For this is he of whom it is written: “Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way before You.’” [Here Jesus is speaking of John]
Luke 7:24 (NKJV) “When the messengers of John had departed, He (Jesus) began to speak to the multitudes concerning John:”
James 2:25 (NKJV ) “Likewise, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way?”
Gen 32:3 (KJV) “And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother”
Many say Jesus cannot be Michael because Jesus is not an angel. The scriptures quoted above prove that the Greek and Hebrew words for angel broadly mean “messenger” and can apply to others besides angels. Jesus is God’s ultimate and supreme messenger. That is why he is called the “Logos” or the Word of God, i.e. God’s spokesperson or messenger.
Jesus is called an “angel” or “messenger in Malachi 3:1 (NKJV) where we read, “Behold, I send My messenger (John the Baptist Matt 11:10-11), And he will prepare the way before Me (Yawheh). And the Lord (Jesus), whom you seek, Will suddenly come to His temple (“Which Temple ye are.” 1 Cor 3:17), Even the Messenger (Jesus) of the covenant, In whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,” Says the LORD of hosts.
In Revelation 20:1, 2 we have a great angel coming down from heaven with a chain in his hand to bind Satan. This great angel is generally accepted to be Jesus who is the one responsible for binding Satan.
Jesus is the “seed of the woman” who crushes the serpent’s head. Hebrews 2:14 (RVIC) says, “… that through death he might bring to nought the one having the power of death, that is, the devil;” Is there an angel powerful enough to bind Satan? Of course not.
Yes, it is Jesus who binds Satan. Gen 3:15 shows that the seed (Jesus) crushes Satan’s head. More broadly, it is The Christ, Head and Body who binds Satan (Rom 16:20). Jesus death’ on the Cross guaranteed Him the authority to destroy Satan (Hebrews 2:14).
IS JESUS THE ARCHANGEL?
We find the word archangel in 1 Thes 4:16 and Jude 9. It is from Strong’s 743 meaning “a chief angel,” Let’s break the word up into its two parts. “Arch” is Strong’s 757 meaning, “to be first (in political rank or power):– reign (rule) over” The other part, “angel” is from Strong’s 32, meaning, “a messenger, especially an angel.”
So how does comparing 1 Thess 4:16 and Jude 9 help us to identify who Michael is? Well we know that Jesus descends from heaven with the “voice of Archangel” and that Michael is the “Archangel.” So therefore, Michael must be Jesus. After all, I cannot have your voice, even if I can use your trumpet. So Jesus must be using his own voice, yes the voice of the archangel (meaning chief messenger – the Word of God – the Logos).
HOW DOES THE WORD “PRINCE” HELP US IDENTIFY WHO MICHAEL IS?
In Daniel 12:1 (NKJV), Michael is described as, “the great prince (Strong’s 8269)who stands watch over the sons of your people (Israel).”
Compare Isaiah 9:6 which calls Jesus the “prince of peace” (Strong’s 8269)
Jesus is also called the “prince” in the New Testament
Acts 3:15: “prince of life”
Acts 5:11: “prince and Savior”
Remember how in Daniel 12:1, Michael is described as, “the great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people (Israel).”
Compare with Matthew 2:6:
Matt 2:6: “out of thee [Bethlehem] shall come forth a governor, Who shall be shepherd of my people Israel.” (Micah 5:2 Governor/Ruler = Strongs 4910-6.)
In both cases Michael/Jesus is ruler over Israel. Does Israel have two spiritual rulers – Michael and Jesus? Of course not. Jesus is Michael.
In contrast, in Eph 2:2 Satan is the “prince of the power of the air”
IS MICHAEL THE CHIEF PRINCE OR ONE OF MANY EQUAL PRINCES?
The argument that Michael is “one [of many] of the Chief Princes” in Daniel 10:13 is not correct.
Notice the more accurate rendering in Young’s Literal Translation –
Daniel 10:13 `And the head of the kingdom of Persia is standing over-against me twenty and one days, and lo, Michael, first of the chief heads, hath come in to help me, and I have remained there near the kings of Persia;”
Albert Barnes’ Commentary: “the first.” That is, the first in rank of the “princes,” or the angels. In other words, Michael, the archangel.””
John Gill’s Commentary: “…is no other than Christ the Son of God… who is “one,” or “the first of the chief Princes””
The word “first of,” sometimes translated “one of” is Strongs 259 meaning, “a numeral from 258; properly, united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first:” This word is translated “first” four (4) times in the book of Daniel, i.e. Dan 11:1 which says, “…in the first year of Darius the Mede…” KJV. So we see that Daniel 10:13 is not indicating that there are several chief heads or princes.
The word translated “heads” or more often “princes” is Strongs 8269, the same Hebrew word as in Daniel 12:1 associated with Michael the Archangel who is the great prince.
The word “chief” as in “chief princes” is from Strongs 7223 and it means “first, in place, time or rank.”
So Michael is the first or number one prince. In other words, Michael is Jesus.
Dan 12:1 calls him the “GREAT prince” and Dan 10:21 calls him “Michael your prince.” Over Israel, God would have appointed His highest ranking prince. Right? Is there a prince that ranks higher than Jesus? Another spirit being would not have been given more responsibility and authority than Jesus.
JESUS APPEARED TO MOSES?
Paul tells us about Jesus in Hebrews 3:3 that He, “…was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.” So Jesus is the one that built Moses’ house (the nation of Israel under the Law Covenant). As the builder of the house, Jesus was the main messenger appearing to Moses at the burning bush (Ex 3:2) and on Mount Sinia (Gal 3:19; Acts 7:53) as the Word or representative of Jehovah.
The point is that during the Jewish age, Jesus was the chief prince/messenger/angel speaking to Moses on behalf of Jehovah/ Yahweh, at the burning bush and on Mount Sinai. If Michael is the chief prince of Israel, Michael must be Jesus, the chief prince. Otherwise, would you conclude that Michael is higher ranking than Jesus? If Michael was the chief prince and Jesus was not, than how is Jesus superior to Michael? Therefore they must both be the same person.
SIGNS OF DANIEL 12 ALREADY FULFILLED!
Daniel 11 brings us up to the time of the end and Daniel 12 brings us 5 signs of the time of the end:
1) Increase in knowledge (i.e. technology, mobile phones, Internet, etc.)
2) Increase in travel (cars, planes, space travel)
3) “children of your people delivered” (Israel a nation)
4) Great time of trouble (world wars, terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, Mao, Hitler, Stalin, etc. murder over 100 million non-combatants last century)
5) Book of Daniel unsealed and explained (If not Volume 3, “Thy Kingdom Come,” then how is that fulfilled?)
So if this does not prove that we have been in the time of the end and that Jesus (pictured here as Michael) has returned, then what does this all mean?
Once prophecy is fulfilled, it’s meaning becomes more evident. For example, in Jesus day, people looking at Daniel 9 (70 weeks) thought that Messiah would defeat the Romans and set up the earthly kingdom at that time. Once history played out, the purpose of the Messiah became clear to Jesus disciples. In spite of the miraculous evidences, people rationalized what they knew, and then rejected Jesus.
Based on Daniel 12:4, Sir Isaac Newton concluded that some day man would travel at 50 miles per hour. Who would have imagined then, how much greater a fulfillment of prophecy would take place. The miraculous evidences today are inescapable. Perhaps the biggest underlying issue is the dramatic changes on planet earth in the past two centuries, particularly Israel restored, then the increase in knowledge & travel and for the first time in history, great trouble that impacts the whole world – not isolated geographically. Clearly God somehow has a hand in all this. Right? How else are these changes coming about? How then is it such a leap of faith to imagine that the invisible returned Jesus, God’s Chief Messenger in accomplishing this?
As is historically evident, this increase in knowledge spans every area, i.e. science, technology, medicine, agriculture, the Bible, etc. Regarding the Bible, Daniel says that at the time of the end the Wise would Understand (Dan 12:9-12). Daniel says this in regard to the 1290 and 1335 days and indicates the book of Daniel will be unsealed. This was fulfilled in Volume 3 of Studies in the Scriptures, “They Kingdom Come.” If we are wrong, would you then say that we cannot understand Daniel today and its meaning is yet to be revealed in the future? On the other hand, if the book of Daniel is now unsealed, than Michael has already stood up. Right? If now fulfilled how, how do you think it was? Who explained the meaning of Daniels prophecies if not Brother Russell in volume 3 “Thy Kingdom Come”?
Most people make a mistake with end time prophecies, thinking that everything happens quickly, however most parables and historical prophecies play out over centuries, as in the prophecy of the destruction of Tyre, which was fulfilled in stages taking several centuries till all the prophetic declarations were fulfilled. Even the Apostles were thinking that Jesus might be setting up his kingdom in their time until Jesus told them it was not for them to know when (Acts 1:6). In Daniel 12 – When Michael Stands up in the time of the end: Knowledge increases. One source claims the world’s knowledge is doubling every two years now – http://www.digitalstrategyconsulting.com/netimperative/news/2011/06/worlds_data_more_than_doubling.php
NOW THAT YOU KNOW, WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?
Understanding the role of the Lord’s people at the time of Jesus second presence can best be learned by a careful study of the scriptures relating to this topic. We recommend the link below as a good place to start.