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Who is Michael the Archangel?

Click here for the new and updated article:  Who is Michael the Archangel 2014_08_27

Below is the older version of the article which is less complete.

Is Michael the Archangel Jesus or is Michael just a mighty angel?  Does the Bible answer this question?

We believe that a careful examination of scriptures will provide compelling evidence that Michael the Archangel is Jesus.  Yet since Hebrews 1:4-14 shows that Jesus is greater than the angels, how can Jesus possibly be an angel?

The honest and sincere student of scripture will want to carefully examine the evidence. 



The word “Michael” in Daniel 12:1 comes from Strong’s 4317 meaning, “who is like God.”  Brown Driver & Briggs Hebrew Lexicon also agrees with this definition.

Who else is like God but Jesus Himself?



The word “angel” itself, Strong’s #32 is defined as, “a messenger; especially an “angel”; by implication, a pastor.”

On occasion, the Greek and Hebrew words for angel simply have the meaning of messenger and do not refer to angels. Here are examples where the Greek and Hebrew do not refer to angels:

Matt 11:10 (NKJV ) “For this is he of whom it is written: “Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, Who will prepare Your way before You.’”  [Here Jesus is speaking of John]

Luke 7:24 (NKJV) “When the messengers of John had departed, He (Jesus) began to speak to the multitudes concerning John:”

James 2:25 (NKJV ) “Likewise, was not Rahab the harlot also justified by works when she received the messengers and sent them out another way?” 

Gen 32:3 (KJV) “And Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother” 

Many say Jesus cannot be Michael because Jesus is not an angel.  The scriptures quoted above prove that the Greek and Hebrew words for angel broadly mean “messenger” and can apply to others besides angels.  Jesus is God’s ultimate and supreme messenger.  That is why he is called the “Logos” or the Word of God, i.e. God’s spokesperson or messenger.

Jesus is called an “angel” or “messenger in Malachi 3:1 (NKJV)  where we read, “Behold, I send My messenger (John the Baptist Matt 11:10-11), And he will prepare the way before Me  (Yawheh). And the Lord (Jesus), whom you seek, Will suddenly come to His temple (“Which Temple ye are.” 1 Cor 3:17), Even the Messenger (Jesus) of the covenant, In whom you delight. Behold, He is coming,” Says the LORD of hosts.

In Revelation 20:1, 2 we have a great angel coming down from heaven with a chain in his hand to bind Satan. This great angel is generally accepted to be Jesus who is the one responsible for binding Satan.

Jesus  is the “seed of the woman” who crushes the serpent’s head.  Hebrews 2:14 (RVIC) says, “… that through death he might bring to nought the one having the power of death, that is, the devil;”  Is there an angel powerful enough to bind Satan?  Of course not.

Yes, it is Jesus who binds Satan. Gen 3:15 shows that the seed (Jesus) crushes Satan’s head. More broadly, it is The Christ, Head and Body who binds Satan (Rom 16:20). Jesus death’ on the Cross guaranteed Him the authority to destroy Satan (Hebrews 2:14).



We find the word archangel in 1 Thes 4:16 and Jude 9.  It is from Strong’s 743 meaning “a chief angel,”  Let’s break the word up into its two parts.  “Arch” is Strong’s 757 meaning, “to be first (in political rank or power):– reign (rule) over”  The other part, “angel” is from Strong’s 32, meaning, “a messenger, especially an angel.” 

So how does comparing 1 Thess 4:16 and Jude 9 help us to identify who Michael is?  Well we know that Jesus descends from heaven with the “voice of Archangel” and that Michael is the “Archangel.”  So therefore, Michael must be Jesus.  After all, I cannot have your voice, even if I can use your trumpet.  So Jesus must be using his own voice, yes the voice of the archangel (meaning chief messenger – the Word of God – the Logos). 



In Daniel 12:1 (NKJV), Michael is described as, “the great prince (Strong’s 8269)who stands watch over the sons of your people (Israel).”

Compare Isaiah 9:6 which calls Jesus the “prince of peace” (Strong’s 8269)

Jesus is also called the “prince” in the New Testament

Acts 3:15: “prince of life”

Acts 5:11: “prince and Savior”

Remember how in Daniel 12:1, Michael is described as, “the great prince who stands watch over the sons of your people (Israel).”

Compare with Matthew 2:6:

Matt 2:6: “out of thee [Bethlehem] shall come forth a governor, Who shall be shepherd of my people Israel.”  (Micah 5:2 Governor/Ruler = Strongs 4910-6.)

In both cases Michael/Jesus is ruler over Israel.  Does Israel have two spiritual rulers – Michael and Jesus?  Of course not.  Jesus is Michael.

In contrast, in Eph 2:2 Satan is the “prince of the power of the air”



The argument that Michael is “one [of many] of the Chief Princes” in Daniel 10:13 is not correct.

Notice the more accurate rendering in Young’s Literal Translation –

Daniel 10:13 `And the head of the kingdom of Persia is standing over-against me twenty and one days, and lo, Michael, first of the chief heads, hath come in to help me, and I have remained there near the kings of Persia;”

Albert Barnes’ Commentary:   “the first.” That is, the first in rank of the “princes,” or the angels. In other words, Michael, the archangel.””

John Gill’s Commentary:  “…is no other than Christ the Son of God… who is “one,” or “the first of the chief Princes””

The word “first of,” sometimes translated “one of” is Strongs 259 meaning, “a numeral from 258; properly, united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first:” This word is translated “first” four (4) times in the book of Daniel, i.e. Dan 11:1 which says, “…in the first year of Darius the Mede…” KJV.  So we see that Daniel 10:13 is not indicating that there are several chief heads or princes.

The word translated “heads” or more often “princes” is Strongs 8269, the same Hebrew word as in Daniel 12:1 associated with Michael the Archangel who is the great prince.

The word “chief” as in “chief princes” is from Strongs 7223 and it means “first, in place, time or rank.”

So Michael is the first or number one prince.  In other words, Michael is Jesus.

Dan 12:1 calls him the “GREAT prince” and Dan 10:21 calls him “Michael your prince.”  Over Israel, God would have appointed His highest ranking prince.  Right?  Is there a prince that ranks higher than Jesus?   Another spirit being would not have been given more responsibility and authority than Jesus.


Paul tells us about Jesus in Hebrews 3:3 that He, “…was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.” So Jesus is the one that built Moses’ house (the nation of Israel under the Law Covenant).  As the builder of the house, Jesus was the main messenger appearing to Moses at the burning bush (Ex 3:2) and on Mount Sinia (Gal 3:19; Acts 7:53) as the Word or representative of Jehovah.

The point is that during the Jewish age, Jesus was the chief prince/messenger/angel speaking to Moses on behalf of Jehovah/ Yahweh, at the burning bush and on Mount Sinai.  If Michael is the chief prince of Israel, Michael must be Jesus, the chief prince.  Otherwise, would you conclude that Michael is higher ranking than Jesus?  If Michael was the chief prince and Jesus was not, than how is Jesus superior to Michael?  Therefore they must both be the same person.



Daniel 11 brings us up to the time of the end and Daniel 12 brings us 5 signs of the time of the end:

1) Increase in knowledge (i.e. technology, mobile phones, Internet, etc.)

2) Increase in travel (cars, planes, space travel)

3) “children of your people delivered” (Israel a nation)

4) Great time of trouble (world wars, terrorism, weapons of mass destruction, Mao, Hitler, Stalin, etc. murder over 100 million non-combatants last century)

5) Book of Daniel unsealed and explained (If not Volume 3, “Thy Kingdom Come,” then how is that fulfilled?)

So if this does not prove that we have been in the time of the end and that Jesus (pictured here as Michael) has returned, then what does this all mean?

Once prophecy is fulfilled, it’s meaning becomes more evident.  For example, in Jesus day, people looking at Daniel 9 (70 weeks) thought that Messiah would defeat the Romans and set up the earthly kingdom at that time.  Once history played out, the purpose of the Messiah became clear to Jesus disciples.  In spite of the miraculous evidences, people rationalized what they knew, and then rejected Jesus. 

Based on Daniel 12:4, Sir Isaac Newton concluded that some day man would travel at 50 miles per hour.  Who would have imagined then, how much greater a fulfillment of prophecy would take place.  The miraculous evidences today are inescapable.  Perhaps the biggest underlying issue is the dramatic changes on planet earth in the past two centuries, particularly Israel restored, then the increase in knowledge & travel and for the first time in history, great trouble that impacts the whole world – not isolated geographically.  Clearly God somehow has a hand in all this.  Right?  How else are these changes coming about?  How then is it such a leap of faith to imagine that the invisible returned Jesus, God’s Chief Messenger in accomplishing this?

As is historically evident, this increase in knowledge spans every area, i.e. science, technology, medicine, agriculture, the Bible, etc.  Regarding the Bible, Daniel says that at the time of the end the Wise would Understand (Dan 12:9-12).  Daniel says this in regard to the 1290 and 1335 days and indicates the book of Daniel will be unsealed.  This was fulfilled in Volume 3 of Studies in the Scriptures, “They Kingdom Come.”  If we are wrong, would you then say that we cannot understand Daniel today and its meaning is yet to be revealed in the future?  On the other hand, if the book of Daniel is now unsealed, than Michael has already stood up. Right?  If now fulfilled how, how do you think it was?  Who explained the meaning of Daniels prophecies if not Brother Russell in volume 3 “Thy Kingdom Come”?

Most people make a mistake with end time prophecies, thinking that everything happens quickly, however most parables and historical prophecies play out over centuries, as in the prophecy of the destruction of Tyre, which was fulfilled in stages taking several centuries till all the prophetic declarations were fulfilled. Even the Apostles were thinking that Jesus might  be setting up his kingdom in their time until Jesus told them it was not for them to know when (Acts 1:6).  In Daniel 12 – When Michael Stands up in the time of the end: Knowledge increases.  One source claims the world’s knowledge is doubling every two years now – http://www.digitalstrategyconsulting.com/netimperative/news/2011/06/worlds_data_more_than_doubling.php 



Understanding the role of the Lord’s people at the time of Jesus second presence can best be learned by a careful study of the scriptures relating to this topic.  We recommend the link below as a good place to start.



179 comments to Who is Michael the Archangel?

  • Bill Nippel

    Hi Peter, to answer your question…I suppose having a precise and accurate knowledge of who and what Christ was before He became flesh is not an “all important” issue in terms of one’s personal relationship with YHWH and the Lord Jesus Christ, however,I personally feel it is a most glorious issue in terms of coming to a better appreciation of what the Logos – the Only Begotten Son of God “gave up” in leaving his place and spirit nature in heaven in order to come down to earth and take on human nature. I leave my comments as thought for consideration and don’t hold it to be a litmus test for who is a true consecrated Christian.

    • Peter K. (admin)

      Bill – Well said. If we have a real passion for Jesus, out heart’s desire will be to more fully understand everything about him. Not only did he give up the glory and safety of heaven and daily fellowship with the Father, but he risked losing his eternal existence should he have failed in his mission.

      Hebrews 5:7-8 NASB
      “In the days of His flesh, He offered up both prayers and supplications with loud crying and tears to the One able to save Him from death, and He was heard because of His piety. Although He was a Son, He learned obedience from the things which He suffered.”

      I think Philippians helps give us a sense of what Jesus gave up to come to earth and save mankind at great cost to himself.

      Philippians 2:5-11 NASB
      “Have this attitude in yourselves which was also in Christ Jesus, who, although He existed in the form of God, did not regard equality with God a thing to be grasped, but emptied Himself, taking the form of a bond-servant, and being made in the likeness of men. Being found in appearance as a man, He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. For this reason also, God highly exalted Him, and bestowed on Him the name which is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee will bow, of those who are in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and that every tongue will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.”

  • Bill Nippel

    Hello Peter and thankyou for your follow-up comment.
    I think the whole crux of the matter boils down to whether the pre-existent Logos (Jesus) in being referred to by several different names and titles such as Michael (the Chief Messenger of God) and “The Suffering Servant” as well as “the Only Begotten Son of God” was in fact brought forth, begotten, created, of the same divine substance as YHWH or was He of some lower level of spirit substance in the same class as angels.In otherwords, was the pre-existent Christ ‘brought forth’ with the same divine nature as YHWH or of a lower spirit substance or essence than YHWH in the same class as the ministering angels.

    • Peter K. (admin)

      Bill – Does the Bible specifically tell us either way? Do you feel this is a very important issue? If so, why so imprtant?

      Certainly Jesus was far greater and more poweful than the spirits we refer to as angels.

      I will give you my understanding. Jesus did not have “life within himself” (Life that is self perpetuating and not dependant on anything for its existense) until He was resurrected. Isn’t that the Divine Nature?

      John 5:26 AMP
      “For even as the Father has life in Himself and is self-existent, so He has given to the Son to have life in Himself and be self-existent.”

      Jesus uses the same Greek word for “life in himself” applying it to those who would recieve the Divine Nature after faithfully fulfilling the memorial emblems in their life.

      John 6:53 NASB
      “So Jesus said to them, “Truly, truly, I say to you, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink His blood, you have no life in yourselves.”

  • Bill Nippel

    Hello everyone… I would just like to comment on whether Jesus pre-existed as the “angel” (chief messenger) Michael.
    Would any here be in agreement that Jesus is unique and far superior to angels in that he was brought forth (begotten) directly from YHWH and hence is literally “the Son of God”.
    This would mean the only begotten Son of God (the Logos) has the same divine nature as the Father without being Almighty God himself but rather the divine son of the Almighty God from before the creation.

    • Peter K. (admin)

      Bill – I moved your comment over to an article that will address your concerns. As you will discover from the article, the word “angel” is a job description for “messenger.” For example, Malachi 3:1 describes Jesus as the “messenger” (same Heberew for “angel”) of the Covenant. Yes, Jesus from His creation was far superior to all of the other messengers – the only direct creation of Jehovah. I believe the expression “divine nature” applies more accurately to Jesus when He was resurrected, glorified and exalted back to heaven. Perhaps others have comments or you have more to add.

  • Hi there and may you all be happy and content now and humble enough to accept everything prophesied when it actually occurs.
    In the meantime, and haven’t I said that before somewhere, Jesus and Michael are entirely separate living creatures/beings.

    I don’t invent matters connected with Jehovah’s inimitable purpose.
    All things written aforetime . . . here in Paul’s own words:
    “For all the things that were written aforetime were written for our instruction, that through our endurance and through the comfort from the Scriptures we might have hope.” (Romans 15:4)NWT. set the tone of and provide the foundation for the NT and all connected to or disconnected from His purpose.
    That was all Jesus and the NT writers had, save for a few necessary clarifications of the inspired kind.

    Some dramatic events were especially written aforetime to not only connect with Jesus lying down his life, but to also provide the very pattern or type of the reality of the actual event thus prefigured:

    Abraham / his only-miraculously-begotten-son / a saving SHEEP.
    Jehovah / His only-miraculously-begotten-son / a saving SHEEP.

    That was the procedure to save the seed of Abraham Israel, so that they, the small flock to be given the Kingdom, who are neither male or female, Jew or Gentile, can fulfil all Jehovah promised Abraham.

    The Up Shot?:
    Jesus is neither Jehovah’s only-begotten son nor Michael.

    Once the reality of the procedure sinks into the Christian mind, besotted and preoccupied as it is with personal salvation, Jehovah’s love for the entire human race in general and for Seed of Abraham Israel in particular as THE only but temporary means for getting humanity back on the starting line with no sins and transgressions to answer for, will just blossom in the hearts and minds of those still imprisoned by the same Hagarian slavery of the Law Israel was unwilling to keep -Galatians 5.

    Bye, and thank you for this venue

    • Peter K. (admin)

      Dieter – To summarize your conclusions as best as I understand them: Jesus is not Jehovah’s only-begotten son, nor is He Michael the Archangel.

      I do not understand what you are saying??? I think perhaps that as evidence that Jesus is NOT Jehovah’s only begotten Son, you point to the type of Abraham’s sacrifice of Isaac replaced by a ram.

      Hebrews 11 (NWT) “17 By faith Abraham, when he was tested, as good as offered up Isaac, and the man that had gladly received the promises attempted to offer up his only-begotten son, 18 although it had been said to him: “What will be called ‘your seed’ will be through Isaac.” 19 But he reckoned that God was able to raise him up even from the dead; and from there he did receive him also in an illustrative way.”

      As I understand it, in type Isaac, as Abraham’s only begotten son, was in type (or illustration) raised from the dead when he came off the alter alive. So I don’t know what your point is.

      It is evident from the scriptures that in fact, Jesus was God’s only begotten son.

      John 3:16 (AV) For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
      John 3:18 (AV) He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.
      1John 4:9 (AV) In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.

      Regarding this post “Who is Michael the Archangel?”, can I presume that you never read any of this article? You make no attempt to rebut any of our evidence.

      • (Sorry about having posted this already as a general reply
        I got mixed up)

        Thank you Peter, from the bottom of My heart,
        Sorry for the delay occasioned by Life and age-related responsibilities.

        Your final comments re my not having possibly read the essay ‘Who is Michael the Archangel?’ were right on the button, for I did not, simply because I was fully conversant with the details via my rather studious 50 year association with the Witnesses. Nonetheless, since Proverbs 18:13 suggests I better unless I want to be found a fool, I subsequently did, confirming my hesitancy.

        Now, in reply, perhaps even in answer, to your contribution:
        Paragraph 1 –¬ Yes
        Paragraph 2 – Absolutely Yes
        Paragraph 3 – Hebrews 11:17-19 needs to be understood in the context
        of Galatians 4:21-28 written 10 years before and Romans
        11, written 5 years before Hebrews.

        That is like needing to understand Romans 5:12 in the context of 4:15 (and 5:13) as well as Paul’s first letter to the Corinthians 6:12; 10:23 written earlier.

        Here once again about the Abraham Isaac drama type:
        his only-miraculously-begotten-son Isaac offered in sacrifice
        having the Seed of Abraham Israel in his loins, while still
        part of his family\
        a SHEEP saving the seed of Abraham.

        His only-miraculously-begotten angelic son Michael the
        Archangel offered for the seed of Abraham
        Israel, but remaining in heaven in the presence of
        his creator and father\
        Jesus the SHEEP substituting
        for Jehovah’s only-begotten
        son offered to save the Seed
        of Abraham Israel -Isaiah 41:8

        Miraculously begotten Sons were offered in both instances, but replaced by a sheep to ensure the survival of the Seed of Abraham Israel.

        Other than that, he whole scenario that was meant to ultimately lead to the promised blessing of humanity would morph from the sublime to the most ridiculous nonsense of Mary giving birth to an only-begotten son AND a sheep.

        The second of the two most important OT types fundamentally ignored by Christianity is the hand-over from Elijah to Elisha.
        The transfiguration identifies the other two types prefiguring the roles assigned to the son of man Jesus:
        1. Mediator as prefigured by Moses and 2. Prophet by Elijah.
        Elijah transferred all he was and had accomplished to Elisha.
        Jesus transferred all he was and had accomplished to Jehovah’s OBS.

        The heavenly OBS, having also inherited Jesus’ right to rule as King over Israel in the flesh, now rules over them in the Kingdom of the son of God’s love the Israel of God of the little flock of Jesus’ anointed brothers had been transferred into by God, until they become the 1000 year heavenly kingdom of God, where all earthly relationship legacies cease Colossians 1:13 with a cross-reference to Romans 11:24.

        Because these matters are so vitally important to all Christians, but more especially to JWs and Bible Students, that I have decided to add relevant page-references of my 144 page site.

        You can either forgive me or ban me. In the meantime, I promise not to do that again.


        The following pages contain varying detail of the Elijah → Elisha transfer.

        Please note that I have gone back to my normal email address.
        My provider and/or the Government agency involved, have fixed the problem of someone blocking personal emails

        Please pardon my brevity
        May Jehovah bless all of us, Dieter

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