Listen to Bible Student Elder Russell Pollock answer this probing question here — What Is The Soul ?
What is an immortal or undying soul? A Christian might say a person is both body and soul. A common view is that the body is the physical flesh-and-blood “shell” temporarily housing the soul. The soul is the nonmaterial aspect, made of spirit, and at death leaves the body, continuing to live consciously forever in heaven or hell. Many have a strong and emotional connection to this doctrine, taking comfort at a funeral in believing their loved one is at peace in heaven and watching over them.
The idea of an “immortal soul” predates the founding of today’s major religions. The ancient Egyptians believed that the soul of man is separable from the body, and immortal. This Egyptian idea emerged centuries before Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam were established.